PMID: 44783Jan 1, 1979

An oral enteritis-vaccine composed of twelve heat inactivated Enterobacteriaceae. 1. Communication: Theoretical and epidemiological considerations (author's transl)

Zentralblatt Für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten Und Hygiene. Erste Abteilung Originale. Reihe A: Medizinische Mikrobiologie Und Parasitologie
H Raettig


The infectious diseases of the human intestinal tract which are caused by bacteria must be distinguished into two groups on account of their different pathogenesis: the cyclic infections (typhoid fever, parathyphoid fever) and the local infections (cholera, dysentery, Salmonella enteritis, dyspepsia coli infections). The local infections of the intestine do not cause a systemic but only a local immunity of the intestinal mucosa. It is necessary therefore to induce local immunity as active immunoprophylaxis by orally administering inactivated antigens. The twelve-fold enteritis vaccine consists of full antigens of 6 Salmonella strains, 2 Shigella strains, and 4 enteropathogenic coli strains pretreated by heat-inactivation (3 min/100 degrees C). The following should be considered as indication to effect active immunoprophylaxis against enteritis: Travelling into tropical and subtropical countries, people in emergency areas, children in developing countries, workers in food industries, secondary hospital infections, and carriers. The active mouse protection test revealed that oral immunization with enterobacteriaceae does not only deliver the well-known specific effect but also a non-specific effect which included the protection a...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antigens, Bacterial
Bacterial Vaccines
Enterobacteriaceae Infections
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Vaccines, Attenuated

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