An overview of current COVID-19 vaccine platforms.

Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Abdou Nagy, Bader Alhatlani

Abstract

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that emerged in December 2019 in Wuhan city, China. An effective vaccine is urgently needed to protect humans and to mitigate the economic and societal impacts of the pandemic. Despite standard vaccine development usually requiring an extensive process and taking several years to complete all clinical phases, there are currently 184 vaccine candidates in pre-clinical testing and another 88 vaccine candidates in clinical phases based on different vaccine platforms as of April 13, 2021. Moreover, three vaccine candidates have recently been granted an Emergency Use Authorization by the United States Food and Drug Administration (for Pfizer/BioNtech, Moderna mRNA vaccines, and Johnson and Johnson viral vector vaccine) and by the UK government (for University of Oxford/AstraZeneca viral vector vaccine). Here we aim to briefly address the current advances in reverse genetics system of SARS-CoV-2 and the use of this in development of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. Additionally, we cover the essential points concerning the different platforms of current SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidates and the advantages and drawbacks of ...Continue Reading

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