Feb 2, 2013

An overview of the genomics of metabolic syndrome

Journal of Nursing Scholarship : an Official Publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing
Jacquelyn Y TaylorAnn Cashion

Abstract

This article provides a brief overview of the diagnostic criteria and genomic risk factors for the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Contributions of cardiovascular, obesity, and diabetes genomic risk factors to the development of MetS as reported in the literature have been reviewed. The genomic risk factors for the development of MetS are strongly linked to the genomic risk factors that make up the components of the disease. Many of the cardiovascular and renal genomic risk factors for MetS development are similar to those found in the development of hypertension and dyslipidemia. Obesity may act as a master trigger to turn on the gene expression changes necessary for the other components of the disease. Studies in the genomics of type 2 diabetes show a number of overlapping genes and polymorphisms that influence both the development of diabetes and MetS. Although health practitioners now have some insights into the genomics of risk factors associated with MetS, the overall understanding of MetS remains inadequate. Clinical applications based on some of the discussed genomic risk factors are being developed but are not yet available for the diagnosis and treatment of MetS. A broad knowledge of the genomic contributions...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Genome
Kidney
Gene Expression
Dyslipidemias
Cardiovascular Diseases
Metabolic Syndrome X
Obesity
Genomics
Hypertensive Disease

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