Jul 22, 2019

An overview on chemical structures as ΔF508-CFTR correctors

European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Virginia SpanòPaola Barraja

Abstract

Deletion of phenylalanine at position 508 (F508del) in the CFTR protein, is the most common mutation causing cystic fibrosis (CF). F508del causes misfolding and rapid degradation of CFTR protein a defect that can be targeted with pharmacological agents termed "correctors". Correctors belong to various chemical classes but are generally small molecules based on nitrogen sulfur or oxygen heterocycles. The mechanism of action of correctors is generally unknown but there is experimental evidence that some of them can directly act on mutant CFTR improving folding and stability. Here we overview the characteristics of the various F508del correctors described so far to obtain indications on key chemical structures and modifications that are required for mutant protein rescue.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cratoxylum formosum
Positioning Attribute
Gene Deletion
Mutant Proteins
Cystic Fibrosis
Pharmacologic Substance
Nitrogen
CFTR gene
Structure
Chemicals

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