Mar 1, 1976

An oxygraphic method for the determination of cholesterol and measurement of the slow oxygen-consuming reactions of hepatic microsomes

Journal of Biochemistry
Y Miyake, M Fukuyama

Abstract

Oxygen-consuming reactions of cholesterol oxidase [EC 1.1.3.6] and microsomes were measured with a galvanic oxygen electrode which was attached to an offset amplifier for sensitive measurement of the reaction processes. The sensitivity of this oxygraphic method for detection of oxygen consumption was ten times greater than that of the usual method. The minimum rate of slow oxygen-consuming reactions which could be estimated was about 5 nmoles of oxygen per min, and the minimum amount of oxygen consumption which could be determined was also about 5 nmoles. An oxygraphic method for direct and rapid determination of cholesterol was demonstrated using one-twentieth the amount of cholesterol oxidase which is used for the colorimetric method. The processes of cyanide-suppressed beta-NADH-dependent oxygen consumption and cyanide-insensitive alpha-NADH-dependent oxygen consumption, which were difficult to follow by the usual method, were followed using a small amount of microsomes (less than 1mg protein/ml). Furthermore, the temporary cessation of alpha-NADH-dependent oxygen consumption caused by ferricyanide and the corresponding oxidation-reduction of reduced cytochrome b5 were followed in the presence of ADP. ADP did not inhibit the...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Epicholesterol
Microsomes
Determination Aspects
Electron Transport
Hepatic
NADH
Etiology
Microsomes, Liver
Oxidation
Adenosine Diphosphate

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