An unusual case of Cowden syndrome associated with ganglioneuromatous polyposis

Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
S R PistoriusH K Schackert


Ganglioneuromatous polyposis (GP) is a very rare disorder which may be associated with other clinical manifestations and syndromes, such as Cowden syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type II and neurofibromatosis (NF) 1. The risk for malignant transformation of ganglioneuromas is unknown, and the combination of GP with colon cancer has been only very seldom reported. We report the case of a 60-year old male patient with adenocarcinoma, adenomas and lipomas of the colon and multiple gastroduodenal lesions combined with generalised lipomatosis and macrocephaly. Based on the initial endoscopic and histological findings, a (restorative) proctocolectomy was recommended but declined by the patient. Instead, a colectomy was performed. The histological examination revealed an unforeseen GP in addition to the colon cancer. Extensive molecular diagnostics allowed for the differential diagnosis of the causes of the clinical manifestations, and the clinical suspicion of Cowden syndrome could not be confirmed using Sanger Sequencing and MLPA for the analysis of PTEN. Finally, a pathogenic germline mutation in PTEN (heterozygous stop mutation in exon 2: NM_000314 (PTEN):c.138C > A; p.Tyr46*) could be detected by next-generation sequ...Continue Reading


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