Apr 24, 2018

An Unusually Aggressive Large Cell Carcinoma of the Lung: Undiagnosed until Autopsy

Curēus
Kartikeya RajdevDany El-Sayegh

Abstract

Large cell carcinoma (LCC) of the lung has a rapid mean volume doubling time (VDT) of around 67-134 days. In some cases of LCC where the VDT is extremely rapid, clinical presentation may mimic acute lung pathologies such as pneumonia. We describe a rare presentation of an aggressive LCC of the lung with an estimated VDT of around two weeks. A 52-year-old male with a history schizophrenia presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea for three weeks duration. His medical history was significant for a recent admission six weeks before current presentation for myocardial infarction (MI) and pneumonia. Chest radiograph during the current admission showed a new right lung infiltrate and he was treated for healthcare-associated pneumonia. However, the patient developed acute respiratory failure due to right lung collapse requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. An urgent bronchoscopy revealed an obstructing endobronchial mass in right mainstem bronchus. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest showed encasement of right upper and lower lobe bronchus with extensive mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The patient expired within the next 24 hours. The autopsy showed undifferentiated LCC of lung metastatic to the regional lymph nodes. Of...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Volume Measurement
Entire Lower Lobe Bronchus
Lung
Schizophrenia
Coughing
Chest CT
Autopsy
Upper
Plain X-ray
Liver Carcinoma

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