PMID: 7844899Nov 1, 1994Paper

Analysis of acute toxicity (LD50-value) of organic chemicals to mammals by solubility parameter (delta) (3). Acute dermal toxicity to rabbits

Sangyō igaku. Japanese journal of industrial health
H NishimuraM Matsuo


Acute dermal toxicity (LD50-value) of organic chemicals to rabbits was analyzed by using solubility parameter (delta c), a thermodynamic parameter, of the chemicals. As it was observed in the previous studies with rats and mice, parabolic correlations were also established between logarithm of LD50-value (mmol/kg body weight, rabbits) and delta c of all the collected chemicals (n = 56, R = 0.498), alcohols (n = 19, R = 0.857), ketones (n = 7, R = 0.711), aldehydes (n = 7, R = 0.633) and aromatics (n = 20, R = 0.613). Introduction of molar volume (Vc) to the above equations did not improve the correlations. In the study, we assumed that chemicals absorbed dermally by the mammals similarly disturb the homeostasis, as in acute oral toxicities of organic chemicals to rats and mice. We successfully confirmed the theoretical equation regardless of species and routes of administration by establishing statistically significant correlations with all the collected chemicals, alcohols and aromatics. By analysis, we could determine the solubility parameter of 2.24 x 10(4) (J/m3)1/2 for the biological membrane (absorption site) of rabbits. As the dermal delta c-values which dip the LD50-values for rabbits are approximately the same as in ac...Continue Reading

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