Nov 1, 1977

Analysis of autoxidized fats by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: II. Methyl linoleate

E N FrankelB C Weedon


The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) approach developed in the preceding paper was applied for qualitative and quantitative investigations of autoxidation products of methyl linoleate. A GC-MS computer summation method was standardized with synthetic 9- and 13-hydroxyoctadecanoate. Equal amounts of 9- and 13-hydroperoxides were found in all samples of linoleate autoxidized at different temperatures and peroxide levels. The results are consistent with the classical free radical mechanism of autoxidation involving a pentadiene intermediate having equivalent sites for oxygen attack at carbon-9 and carbon-13. Minor oxygenated products of autoxidation indicated by GC-MS include keto dienes, epoxyhydroxymonoenes, di- and tri-hydroxy monoenes. These hydroxy compounds are presumed to be present in the form of hydroperoxides. The quantitative GC-MS method was found suitable for the analysis of autoxidized mixtures of oleate and linoleate. By this method, it is possible to determine the origin of the hydroperoxides formed in mixtures of these fatty esters.

Mentioned in this Paper

Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Free Radicals
Linoleic Acids
methyl linoleate
Mass Spectrometry
Summation (Function)
Chromatography, Gas-Liquid

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