Analysis of client characteristics that may affect early discontinuation of the TCu-380A IUD

Contraception
R RiveraS McMullen

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the reasons for early discontinuation of the TCu-380A IUD in women participating in a large multicenter trial. The study relates specific characteristics of the women at the time of TCu-380A insertion with specific 1-year reasons for discontinuation. A secondary analysis was performed on data obtained from 2748 women from sites in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. By the end of the year, 321 discontinuations were observed. The gross cumulative 12-month life table rates of reasons for discontinuation were 13.3 for all reasons and 3.1, 4.5, and 4.3 for expulsion, removals for bleeding/pain, and personal reasons, respectively. Study site, age, and religion had a significant effect on early discontinuation. Women who had IUD insertions in the African centers had significantly higher expulsion rates than women from other centers. Women < 20 years old had significantly higher expulsion rates than older women. Muslim women had significantly higher rates of removal for bleeding and pain than women of other religions. This information may guide the counseling and follow-up process of women with such characteristics and result in a more satisfactory use and improved continuation rates of the TCu 380A.

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