Sep 1, 1990

Analysis of HLA-DP in HLA-DR/GLO recombinant families and in the population of south-western France

Tissue Antigens
M ThomsenE Ohayon

Abstract

The existing estimates of the recombination fraction between DR and DP are quite variable and often based on anecdotal observations. We have estimated the DR/DP crossover frequency on the basis of families typed for HLA markers and GLO. The frequency of DR/GLO crossing over was 8.7% (23/264 informative meioses), maternal recombinations being about twice as frequent as paternal ones. Of 17 DR/GLO recombinant families typed for DPw1-6, DP was informative in 11 (13 recombinations) but only one of these gave rise to a DR/DP crossover. According to these data the DR/DP recombination fraction is below 1%, in contrast to some earlier published materials. HLA-DR/DP haplotypic associations on 127 informative Caucasoid haplotypes have been evaluated. In agreement with previous studies, DR3 was positively associated with DPw1 and, in addition, DR7 was found to be positively associated with DP-blank (not DPw1-6). The rare DPw6 allele is possibly associated with the DR4, Dw14 allele. The DR-DP haplotype profiles suggest other associations which might become significant if larger materials are tested. The frequency of DP alleles in a random material (N = 201) was found to be in accordance with most of the previously published frequences on E...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

HLA-DPA1 gene
Recombination, Genetic
Recombinants
Meiosis
HLA-DR Antigens
Crossing Over, Genetic
Lactoylglutathione Lyase
Alleles
HLA-DP Antigens

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.