Analysis of micronucleus induction of pyrimethamine in in vitro CHL cells and in in vivo mouse bone marrow cells

T Ono, H Yoshimura


In vivo and in vitro mutagenicity of pyrimethamine were examined in the micronucleus test. Pyrimethamine strongly induced micronuclei in a dose-dependent manner in the in vitro micronucleus test using the Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cell line, when treated at 0.2-1.6 micrograms/ml for 48 h. The in vivo micronucleus test was carried out in mice after the first, second, third and fourth administration of doses up to 40 mg/kg p.o. The results showed no increased frequency of micronuclei after any treatment, though pyrimethamine was shown to persist at levels > 2 micrograms/ml in plasma after a single oral administration of 50 mg/kg.


Feb 19, 2000·Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Mutagenesis·K K Vijayalaxmi, M Vishalakshi
Oct 24, 2002·Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis, and Mutagenesis·B TuncaR Bilaloglu
Feb 3, 2005·Cell Biology and Toxicology·A Abou-Eisha, M Afifi
Sep 1, 1997·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·T OnoT Ohta
Jun 20, 2006·Mutation Research·Akihiro WakataElisabeth Lorge
Mar 8, 2000·Pharmacological Research : the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society·C FimognariP Hrelia

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.