PMID: 6988697Feb 8, 1980Paper

Analysis of normal and mutant forms of human adenosine deaminase - a review

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
P E Daddona, W N Kelley


A deficiency of the enzyme adenosine deaminase is associated with an autosomal recessive form of severe combined immunodeficiency disease in man. The molecular forms of the normal human enzyme have now been well characterized in an effort to better understand the nature of the enzyme defect in affected patients. In some human tissues adenosine deaminase exists predominantly as a small molecular form while in other tissues a large form composed of adenosine deaminase (small form) and an adenosine deaminase-binding protein predominates. The small form of the enzyme purified to homogeneity by antibody affinity chromatography is a monomer of native molecular weight of 37,600. The adenosine deaminase-binding protein, purified by adenosine deaminase affinity chromatography, appears to be a dimer of native molecular weight 213,000 and contains carbohydrate. Based on direct binding measurements, chemical cross-linking studies and sedimentation equilibrium analyses, small form adenosine deaminase has been shown to combine with purified binding protein in a molar ratio of 2:1 respectively to produce the large form adenosine deaminase. Reduced, but widely ranging levels of adenosine deaminating activity, have been reported in various tiss...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Adenosine Deaminase
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Nucleoside Deaminases
Variation (Genetics)
Macromolecular Compounds

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