Jun 29, 1976

Analysis of the interaction of organic phosphates with hemoglobin

A Szabo, M Karplus


The interaction of organic phosphates with hemoglobin is studied by use of a simple thermodynamic approach. A model-independent analysis is employed to evaluate the accuracy of Adair constants determined in the presence of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG). The change of oxygen affinity in the presence of phosphates is related to the macroscopic phosphate binding constants of oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin and used to extract such binding constants from oxygen equilibrium measurements. The change of the Bohr effect in the presence of phosphates and the competitive binding of carbon dioxide and DPG are treated quantitatively. The binding of organic phosphates is incorporated into an allosteric model, in which the effect of phosphate on both tertiary and quaternary structure changes is included. By use of this model, the factors which can be responsible for the increased functional heterogeneity of alpha and beta chains in the presence of phosphates are clarified.

Mentioned in this Paper

Phosphate Measurement
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Oxygen Affinity
Diphosphoglyceric Acids
Hemoglobin Measurement

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.