Jul 11, 1997

Analysis of the psbU gene encoding the 12-kDa extrinsic protein of photosystem II and studies on its role by deletion mutagenesis in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J R ShenY Inoue

Abstract

The gene encoding the 12-kDa extrinsic protein of photosystem II from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was cloned based on N-terminal sequence of the mature protein. This gene, named psbU, encodes a polypeptide of 131 residues, the first 36 residues of which were absent in the mature protein and thus served as a transit peptide required for its transport into the thylakoid lumen. A psbU gene deletion mutant grew photoautotrophically in normal BG11 medium at almost the same rate as that of the wild type strain. This mutant, however, grew apparently slower than the wild type did upon depletion of Ca2+ or Cl- from the growth medium. Photosystem II oxygen evolution decreased to 81% in the mutant as compared with that in the wild type, and the thermoluminescence B- and Q-bands shifted to higher temperatures accompanied by an increase in the Q-band intensity. These results indicate that the 12-kDa protein is not essential for oxygen evolution but may play a role in optimizing the ion (Ca2+ and Cl-) environment and maintaining a functional structure of the cyanobacterial oxygen-evolving complex. In addition, a double deletion mutant lacking cytochrome c-550 and the 12-kDa protein grew photoautotrophically with a phenotype identical to that ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

CYCS
Dioxygen
Bacterial Proteins
Deletion Mutagenesis
Gene Deletion Abnormality
Gene Deletion
Rhodophyta
PsbU protein, Synechocystis
Deletion Mutation
Thylakoid Lumen

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