Analysis of the radioimmunoassay for gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH): studies on the effect of radioiodinated GnRH

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
L E ClemensW C Dermody


When GnRH is radioiodinated by the chloramine-T method, two immunoreactive labeled species are formed at pH 6.5 with a chloramine-T: GnRH molar ratio of 11:1, whereas four bands (I, IIa, IIb, and III) are separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis when the hormone is iodinated at pH 7.5 in a system containing a 97:1 molar ratio of chloramine-T:GnRH. Because they were more stable and were more immunoreactive than the other products, band I and band IIa from the latter system were used separately as tracers with Niswender antiserum R-42 in radioimmunoassays for GnRH. The standard curves of each tracer are distinct: when analyzed after log-logit transformation, the band I curve had a mean slope of -3.31 +/- 0.2 (SE) and a 50% B/Bt level of 9 +/- 0.8 pg (n=8) of synthetic GnRH, whereas the band IIa standard curve had a slope of -2.30 +/- 0.6 and a 50% B/Bt value of 20 +/- 0.9 pg (n=11). The sensitivity of both assays is approximately 2.0 pg. Gn RH concentrations in plasma and serum samples assayed with band I were consistently greater than those assayed with band IIa. Normal adult male plasmas assayed with band I measured 21 +/- 0.9 pg/ml, whereas band IIa values were 8 +/- 0.4 pg/ml. No difference between plasma and serum was...Continue Reading

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