PMID: 7090760Jun 1, 1982Paper

Anatomical and biomechanical factors in the curve pattern formation of idiopathic scoliosis

Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica
T KashimotoK Hatakeyama

Abstract

The maximum range of motion between two adjacent vertebrae without soft tissues was measured from C1-C2 down to L5-S and factors such as rotation, lateral bending, extension, and flexion, during surface contact movement of the facet joints, were investigated. Thirty human cadaveric spines were studied. It was found that the individual spines had a characteristic level-dependent difference in the capacity for elementary motions at the facet joints. Those segments with restricted motion capacity were termed "spinal nodes". The human spine usually has three to four spinal nodes between the skull and the sacrum. They are C7-T1, T4-T5, T8-T9, and T11-T12. This intrinsic structural character of the human spine is expressed as "nodal motion structure". We postulate that this structure plays an important role in the formation of curve patterns in idiopathic scoliosis and other spinal deformities.

References

Aug 1, 1951·The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume·J I P JAMES

Citations

Sep 17, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Baruch Fischhoff, Alex L Davis
Jan 26, 2016·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Scott A WilliamsMilena R Shattuck
Mar 24, 2010·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Gabrielle A Russo
Mar 11, 2015·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Thierra K Nalley, Neysa Grider-Potter
Jan 1, 1986·Journal of Biomechanics·M Nissan, I Gilad
Sep 13, 2019·European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society·Rob C BrinkJack C Y Cheng
May 11, 2020·Journal of Human Evolution·Allison L Machnicki, Philip L Reno

Related Concepts

Kinematics
Cervical Vertebrae
Bone Structure of Lumbar Vertebra
Motion
Scoliosis, Unspecified
Bone Structure of Thoracic Vertebra

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