Ancillary therapies in the management of lung cancer: photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, and endobronchial prosthetic devices
Endoscopic therapy for cancer that involves the tracheobronchial tree is currently available for two distinct types of lesions: radiographically occult superficial squamous cell carcinoma and advanced malignant tumors that cause severe airway obstruction. Photodynamic therapy, which uses a photosensitizing agent, is effective for managing early superficial squamous cell carcinoma. Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser therapy has been effective in the palliative management of patients with advanced or recurrent malignant obstructive airway lesions, either alone or in combination with intraluminal radiation therapy. Most recently, endobronchial prosthetic devices (stents) have been used in patients with advanced airway obstruction. The use of each of these modalities in the management of lung cancer is reviewed.
Bronchial intraepithelial neoplasia/early central airways lung cancer: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (2nd edition)
New halogenated water-soluble chlorin and bacteriochlorin as photostable PDT sensitizers: synthesis, spectroscopy, photophysics, and in vitro photosensitizing efficacy
Photodynamic therapy in the management of endobronchial metastatic lesions from renal cell carcinoma
Fibreoptic bronchoscopic electrosurgery under local anaesthesia for rapid palliation in patients with central airway malignancies: a preliminary report
Photodynamic therapy in the management of early superficial squamous cell carcinoma as an alternative to surgical resection
Hematoporphyrin derivative photodynamic therapy in roentgenographically occult carcinoma of the tracheobronchial tree
Bronchoscopic phototherapy with hematoporphyrin derivative for treatment of localized bronchogenic carcinoma: a 5-year experience
Tracheobronchial tree: expandable metallic stents used in experimental and clinical applications. Work in progress
Local recurrence of resectable non-oat cell carcinoma of the lung. A warning against conservative treatment for N0 and N1 disease
Clinical measurement of tumor fluorescence using a new diagnostic system with hematoporphyrin derivative, laser photoradiation, and a spectroscope
Roentgenographically occult lung cancer: pathologic findings and frequency of multicentricity during a 10-year period
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
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