PMID: 8350641Jul 1, 1993

Ancillary therapies in the management of lung cancer: photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, and endobronchial prosthetic devices

Mayo Clinic Proceedings
E S EdellJ C McDougall


Endoscopic therapy for cancer that involves the tracheobronchial tree is currently available for two distinct types of lesions: radiographically occult superficial squamous cell carcinoma and advanced malignant tumors that cause severe airway obstruction. Photodynamic therapy, which uses a photosensitizing agent, is effective for managing early superficial squamous cell carcinoma. Neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser therapy has been effective in the palliative management of patients with advanced or recurrent malignant obstructive airway lesions, either alone or in combination with intraluminal radiation therapy. Most recently, endobronchial prosthetic devices (stents) have been used in patients with advanced airway obstruction. The use of each of these modalities in the management of lung cancer is reviewed.


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Related Concepts

Endoscopy (Procedure)
Aluminum Measurement
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
Tracheobronchial Structure
Carcinoma of Lung
Malignant Paraganglionic Neoplasm
Lobar Bronchus Structure
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Entire Tracheobronchial Tree

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