Androgen receptors in the anterior pituitary and central nervous system of the androgen "insensitive" (Tfm) rat: correlation between receptor binding and effects of androgens on gonadotropin secretion

O NaessF S French


The cytosol fractions of the anterior pituitary, hypothalamus, preoptic area and brain cortex of androgen "insensitive" (Tfm) rats possess androgen receptors. However, in the Tfm rats the androgen binding per mg protein was only 10-15% of that in the corresponding normal littermates (Nl). The physicochemical properties of the androgen receptors in the anterior pituitary of the Tfm rat were indistinguishable from those of the normal rat. Thus, no distinctive differences were observed with regard to electrophoretic mobility in 3.25% polyacrylamide gels, isoelectric point (pI=5.8), binding affinity (KD=1.5 X 10(-9)M), temperature stability, sulfhydryl dependence and steroid specificity. It is, therefore, likely that the very low androgen binding capacity by the anterior pituitary and the central nervous system is due to an extreme reduction in the receptor number rather than to the presence of abnormal receptors. Since in the Tfm animals the androgen receptor number is reduced by 85-90%, it is to be expected that very high doses of androgens would be required to achieve hormonal effects. In fact, low doses of 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone propionate (50 mug/100 g body weight) given sc daily for 12 days had no effect on serum levels o...Continue Reading


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