BACKGROUND Endothelial progenitor cells are essential for vascular homeostasis. Considering the recurrent nature of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) the aim of the study was to evaluate the angiogenic capacity of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC), which have the capacity for neovasculogenesis in vitro, of the patients with GPA, before and after plasma stimulation. METHODS Thirteen GPA PR3-positive patients and 15 healthy controls were included. ECFC were isolated from periferic blood and characterized by flow cytometry (FACS). Capillary tube formation (Matrigel assay) and scratching assay were measured during 24 hours. The migration assay was also performed after overnight incubation with healthy control plasma and active GPA patient plasma. Three patients with active disease where submitted to recollection of ECFC after treatment for longitudinal evaluation. RESULTS The culture was successful in 62% of GPA patients and 57% of controls. In the matrigel assay the ECFC from patients and controls showed similar capillary structures formation, however ECFC from inactive GPA alone showed early loss of angiogenic capacity between 15 and 24 hours. In scratching assay, there was an impairment in the proliferative capacity o...Continue Reading
Cell migration is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, cancer metastasis, blood vessel formation and remoulding, tissue regeneration, immune surveillance and inflammation. Here is the latest research.