Angiotensin AT1 receptors in the preoptic area negatively modulate the cardiovascular and ACTH responses induced in rats by intrapreoptic injection of prostaglandin E2

Brain Research
T WatanabeM Wada

Abstract

We previously reported that brain angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptors contribute to the hyperthermia induced by intrahypothalamic (intrapreoptic (i.p.o.)) administration of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in rats. The present study was carried out to investigate the role of angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors in the cardiovascular and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) responses induced in rats by i.p.o. injection of PGE2. PGE2 (100 ng) produced marked increases in blood pressure, heart rate, and plasma ACTH concentration. These changes were significantly enhanced by i.p.o. treatment with an AT1-receptor antagonist, losartan, while an AT2-receptor antagonist, CGP 42112A, had no effect. In contrast, losartan, but not CGP 42112A, reduced the pressor and ACTH responses to i.p.o. injection of a large dose of "exogenous" ANG II (25 ng). These results suggest that while "endogenous" ANG II exerts inhibitory effects on both the cardiovascular and the ACTH responses to i.p.o. PGE2 by way of preoptic AT1-receptors, a large dose of exogenous ANG II produces effects opposite to those induced by the endogenous ANG II that is released locally and in small amounts by i.p.o. PGE2.

Citations

Nov 20, 2009·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Joseph L HuntJoseph A Dimicco

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