Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 is a novel target of the γ-secretase complex

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. BartolomeUtpal B Pajvani

Abstract

Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a key regulator of the renin-angiotensin system, but also the functional receptor of the Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Based on structural similarity with other {gamma}-secretase ({gamma}S) targets, we hypothesized that ACE2 may be affected by {gamma}S proteolytic activity. We found that after ectodomain shedding, ACE2 is targeted for intramembrane proteolysis by {gamma}S, releasing a soluble ACE2 C-terminal fragment. Consistently, chemical or genetic inhibition of {gamma}S results in the accumulation of a membrane-bound fragment of ectodomain-deficient ACE2. Although chemical inhibition of {gamma}S does not alter SARS-CoV-2 cell entry, these data point to a novel pathway for cellular ACE2 trafficking.

Methods Mentioned

BETA
transfection
immunoprecipitation
Assay
PMA
co-immunoprecipitation

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