Angiotensin II receptor subtypes in rat brain and peripheral tissues

Cardiology
K SongF A Mendelsohn

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor binding was localized in rat adrenal gland, kidney, and brain by in vitro autoradiography using the antagonist analogue 125I-[Sar1, Ile8]Ang II and differentiated into type I (AT-1) and type II (AT-2) subtypes using unlabelled non-peptide antagonists specific for Ang II subtypes. AT-1 binding was determined as that remaining in the presence of an excess of the AT-2 antagonist, PD 123177 (10 microM), and AT-2 binding as that remaining in the presence of an excess of the AT-1 antagonist, DUP753 (10 microM). The reducing agent dithiothreitol decreased the binding to AT-1 receptors and enhanced the binding to AT-2 receptors. The rat adrenal gland contains both AT-1 and AT-2 receptors in the ratio of approximately 3:2 in the cortex and 1:9 in the medulla. By contrast, in the kidney only AT-1 receptors were evident in glomeruli, proximal tubule, and inner stripe of the outer medulla. In the brain, the pattern of Ang II receptor subtypes varies greatly from region to region. Many brain structures known to be involved in blood pressure regulation and fluid and electrolyte balance, such as circumventricular organs (including vascular organ of the lamina terminalis, subfornical organ, median eminence, and...Continue Reading

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