Animal models of inherited hematologic disease

Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
J J Kaneko

Abstract

Inherited or acquired hematologic disease is the most prevalent of all human disease when we include the hematologic disorders which are secondary to disease of other systems. It follows that the study of the fundamental mechanisms of the disease processes affecting the hematopoietic system is of prime importance and much remains to be done when one considers that in only 25% of ail hemolytic anemias is the fundamental cause eventually discovered [150]. In the current climate of societal pressures on experimental animal research, animals with spontaneous inherited disease mimicking diseases of the various physiological systems assume proportionately greater importance. These animal models have been extremely valuable in the study of fundamental questions of molecular genetics, metabolic aberrations of the cell and its membrane, synthetic mechanisms of the cell as well as clinical questions of disease manifestations, pathogenetic mechanisms and management. Exploration of differences between normal animal species offer a secondary avenue of investigation into these same fundamental questions. New animal models are being uncovered constantly and this augurs well for the future of biomedical research and the ultimate benefit to hum...Continue Reading

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