Jul 8, 2016

Animals in the Zika virus life cycle: what to expect from megadiverse Latin American countries.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Marina Galvão BuenoMarcia Chame

Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) was first isolated in 1947 in primates in Uganda, West Africa. The virus remained confined to the equatorial regions of Africa and Asia, cycling between infecting monkeys, arboreal mosquitoes, and occasional humans. The ZIKV Asiatic strain was probably introduced into Brazil in 2013. In the current critical human epidemic in the Americas, ZIKV is transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, especially where the human population density is combined with poor sanitation. Presently, ZIKV is in contact with the rich biodiversity in all Brazilian biomes, bordering on other Latin American countries. Infections in Brazilian primates have been reported recently, but the overall impact of this virus on wildlife in the Americas is still unknown. The current epidemic in the Americas requires knowledge on the role of mammals, especially non-human primates, in ZIKV transmission to humans. The article discusses the available data on ZIKV in host animals, besides issues of biodiversity, rapid environmental change, and impact on human health in megadiverse Latin American countries. The authors reviewed scientific articles and recent news stories on ZIKV in animals, showing that 47 animal species from three orders (mamma...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Virus
Cercopithecidae
Platyrrhini
Primates
Disease Transmission
Aedes aegypti
Monkeys
Aves
Epidemiologic Studies
Conclude Resin

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