Apr 15, 2020

PickPocket : Pocket binding prediction for specific ligands family using neural networks.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Benjamin Thomas VIARTS. Kossida

Abstract

Most of the protein biological functions occur through contacts with other proteins or ligands. The residues that constitute the contact surface of a ligand-binding pocket are usually located far away within its sequence. Therefore, the identification of such motifs is more challenging than the linear protein domains. To discover new binding sites, we developed a tool called PickPocket that focuses on a small set of user-defined ligands and uses neural networks to train a ligand-binding prediction model. We tested PickPocket on fatty acid-like ligands due to their structural similarities and their under-representation in the ligand-pocket binding literature. Our results show that for fatty acid-like molecules, pocket descriptors and secondary structures are enough to obtain predictions with accuracy >90% using a dataset of 1740 manually curated ligand-binding pockets. The trained model could also successfully predict the ligand-binding pockets using unseen structural data of two recently reported fatty acid-binding proteins. We think that the PickPocket tool can help to discover new protein functions by investigating the binding sites of specific ligand families. The source code and all datasets contained in this work are freel...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Transcriptional Regulation
Classification
Genome
Regulation of Biological Process
Genome Assembly Sequence
Protein-Protein Interaction
Genomics
Structure
RNA, Long Untranslated
Apis (invertebrate)

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