Apr 14, 2020

Caspases from Scleractinian Coral Show Unique Regulatory Features

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. ShresthaClay Clark

Abstract

Diseases affecting coral have led to massive decline and altered the community structure of reefs. In response to immune challenges, cnidaria activate apoptotic or autophagic pathways, and the particular pathway correlates with disease sensitivity (apoptosis) or resistance (autophagy). Although cnidaria contain complex apoptotic signaling pathways, similar to those in vertebrates, the mechanisms leading to cell death are largely unexplored. We identified and characterized two caspases each from Orbicella faveolata, a disease-sensitive stony coral, and Porites astreoides, a disease-resistant stony coral. The four caspases are predicted homologs of human caspases-3 and -7, but OfCasp3a and PaCasp7a contain an amino-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain (CARD) similar to human initiator/inflammatory caspases. In contrast, OfCasp3b and PaCasp3 have short pro-domains, like human effector caspases. We show that OfCasp3a and PaCasp7a are DxxDases, like human caspases-3 and -7, while OfCasp3b and PaCasp3 are more similar to human caspase-6, with VxxDase activity. Our biochemical analyses suggest a mechanism in coral in which the CARD-containing DxxDase is activated on death platforms, but the protease does not directly act...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Exons
Genome
Genome Assembly Sequence
Methylate
Promoter
Genomics
Massively-Parallel Sequencing
Chromatin Location
Mapping, Vessel

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