Antagonism by some beta-adrenoceptor-blocking agents to cholinergic stimulation of skeletal muscle in vitro

V V KelkarN J Joshi


Antiacetylcholine activity some beta-adrenoceptor-blocking drugs was investigated using isolated guinea pig cremaster muscle and frog fectus abdominis muscle. On the cremaster muscle, the antagonism to acetylcholine was non competitive in K0 1313, (+/-)-INPEA and (--)-INPEA, competitive in (+)-INPEA and functional in practolol; All three INPEA isomers, practolol and propranolol behaved as noncompetitive antagonists of acetylcholine on frog rectus muscle. Caffeine-induced contractions of this muscle were partially inhibited by propranolol but not by the other drugs. It is suggested that the beta-adrenoceptor-blocking drugs produce their antiacetylcholine action by interaction with sites on the muscle which are different from the cholinceptor, and which vary between compounds and species.

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