PMID: 6151208Jan 1, 1984

Antagonism of the discriminative effects of ethylketazocine, cyclazocine, and nalorphine in macaques

A M Young, K R Stephens


dl-Ethylketazocine (EKC, 0.01 mg/kg) and saline were established as discriminative stimuli for food-maintained responding in macaque monkeys. Thirty consecutive presses on a right or left lever were reinforced with food, contingent on whether EKC or saline were administered before the session. For tests of antagonism, naltrexone, or UM 979 [(l)-5,9-alpha-dimethyl-2-(3-furylmethyl)-2'-hydroxy-6,7-benzomorphan] was administered concomitantly with EKC, dl-cyclazocine, or nalorphine. Both antagonists blocked completely the EKC discriminative stimulus. The antagonism of the stimulus and rate-altering effects of EKC was surmountable, with considerable intersubject variability in the magnitude of the EKC dose increase required to overcome the blockade. Cyclazocine and nalorphine, mixed agonist-antagonist opioids that share stimulus properties with EKC, were also susceptible to antagonism. Naltrexone antagonized completely the EKC stimulus effects of nalorphine; naltrexone and UM 979 antagonized completely the EKC stimulus effects of cyclazocine. Naltrexone antagonism of the cyclazocine stimulus was not surmountable, due to a lack of antagonism of the rate-decreasing effects of high cyclazocine doses.

Related Concepts

Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Macaca mulatta
Macaca nemestrina
Nalorphine, L-tartrate (1: 1)
Narcotic Antagonists
Ethylketocyclazocine Methanesulfonate

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