Apr 24, 2020

Tonic GABAergic activity facilitates dendritic calcium signaling and short-term plasticity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
C. ChiuMichael Higley

Abstract

Brain activity is highly regulated by GABAergic activity, which acts via synaptic GABAARs to suppress somatic spike generation as well as dendritic synaptic integration and calcium signaling. Tonic GABAergic conductances mediated by extrasynaptic receptors can also inhibit neuronal excitability and spike output, though the consequences for dendritic calcium signaling are unclear. Here, we use 2-photon calcium imaging in cortical pyramidal neurons and computational modeling to show that high affinity GABAARs containing an a5 subunit mediate a tonic hyperpolarization of the dendritic membrane potential, resulting in deinactivation of voltage-gated calcium channels and a paradoxical boosting of action potential-evoked calcium influx. We also find that GABAergic enhancement of calcium signaling modulates short-term synaptic plasticity, augmenting depolarization-induced suppression of inhibition. These results demonstrate a novel role for GABA in the control of dendritic activity and suggest a mechanism for differential modulation of electrical and biochemical signaling.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcinus elegans
Cyartonema elegans
Endoderm
Coleonyx elegans
Histone antigen
Cell Fate
Cestrum elegans
Clarkia unguiculata
Transdifferentiation
Clathrulina elegans

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