Feb 18, 2005

Anti-epileptogenic effect of beta-carotene and vitamin A in pentylenetetrazole-kindling model of epilepsy in mice

Epilepsy Research
Mohammad SayyahJamshid Narenjkar

Abstract

Vitamin A (Vit A) and its derivatives have recently been reported to be implicated in synaptic plasticity. In this study, the possible effect of Vit A and its precursor, beta-carotene on acute seizure and kindling, induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) was assessed. Vit A and beta-carotene were evaluated for their ability to: (1) elevate the threshold of clonic seizures induced by i.v. infusion of PTZ; (2) suppress the seizures (clonic and tonic) and lethality induced by i.p. PTZ in PTZ-kindled mice (anticonvulsant effect); (3) attenuate the development of sensitization to convulsive and lethal effects of i.p. PTZ in kindled mice (anti-epileptogenic effect). Diazepam was employed as positive control. All the drugs showed anti-epileptogenic effect against PTZ-induced tonic seizures and lethality. Vit A and beta-carotene had no effect on clonic seizures threshold and also on tonic seizures and lethality induced by PTZ in kindled mice. Non-genomic and genomic mechanisms could be involved in the anti-epileptogenic effect of Vit A and beta-carotene.

Mentioned in this Paper

Kindling, Neurologic
Vitamin A
Exertion
Carotene Measurement
Derivatives
Anticonvulsants
Genome
Epilepsy
Antioxidants
Free Radicals

Related Feeds

Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndromes

This feed focuses on a rare genetic condition called Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndromes, which are characterized by autoantibodies against multiple endocrine organs. This can lead to Type I Diabetes.

Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathies

Autoimmune polyendocrinopathies, also called polyglandular autoimmune syndromes (PGASs), or polyendocrine autoimmune syndromes(PASs), are a heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by autoimmune activity against more than one endocrine organ, although non-endocrine organs can be affected. Discover the latest research on autoimmune polyendocrinopathies here.

Related Papers

European Journal of Pharmacology
Bernardo C DetanicoElaine Elisabetsky
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Damião Pergentino de SousaReinaldo Nóbrega de Almeida
Neuroscience Letters
Damião Pergentino de SousaReinaldo Nóbrega de Almeida
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved