Jul 1, 1989

Anti-idiotype antibodies prevent antibody binding to mouse sperm and antibody-mediated inhibition of fertilization

Biology of Reproduction
C P CarronP M Saling


Antibodies to components of sperm can interfere with sperm function and prevent fertilization by blocking specific steps of gamete interaction. It can be proposed that anti-idiotype antibodies (anti-Ids) that recognize determinants located close to or within the antigen-binding site of an anti-sperm antibody could block antibody binding to sperm antigen and antibody-mediated inhibition of fertilization. To test this hypothesis, rabbit polyclonal antibodies to idiotypic determinants of the monoclonal anti-sperm antibody M42.15 were developed and characterized. Previous studies demonstrated that M42.15 monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibits fertilization in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting sperm-zona pellucida interaction. Anti-idiotype antibodies to M42.15 mAb (anti-Id M42) were isolated by affinity chromatography on immobilized M42.15 mAb. Binding specificity of anti-Id M42.15 was demonstrated in a solid-phase radioimmune binding assay and by specific immunoprecipitation of soluble M42.15 mAb. Anti-Id M42 competitively inhibited M42.15 mAb, but not P220.2 mAb, binding to mouse sperm, confirming that the anti-Id preparation contained antibodies directed against idiotopes within or adjacent to the antigen-binding site of the mAb. At e...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
In Vivo
Immunoglobulin Activity
Binding Sites, Antibody
Antigenic Specificity
Infertility Study
Sperm Cell
Polyclonal antibody

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