Anti-inflammatory cytokine-eluting collagen hydrogel reduces the host immune response to dopaminergic cell transplants in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.

Neuronal Signaling
Sílvia CabréEilís Dowd


In cell replacement approaches for Parkinson's disease, the intracerebral implantation of dopamine neuron-rich grafts generates a neuroinflammatory response to the grafted cells that contributes to its varied outcome. Thus, the aim of the present study was to fabricate an anti-inflammatory cytokine-eluting collagen hydrogel capable of delivering interleukin (IL)-10 to the brain for reduction of the neuroinflammatory response to intracerebral cellular grafts. In vitro assessment revealed that cross-linker concentration affected the microstructure and gelation kinetics of the hydrogels and their IL-10 elution kinetics, but not their cytocompatibility or the functionality of the eluted IL-10. In vivo evaluation revealed that the hydrogels were capable of delivering and retaining IL-10 in the rat striatum, and reducing the neuroinflammatory (microglial) response to hydrogel-encapsulated grafts. In conclusion, IL-10-eluting collagen hydrogels may have beneficial anti-inflammatory effects in the context of cellular brain repair therapies for Parkinson's disease and should be investigated further.

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