Nov 23, 2018

Anti-thymic stromal lymphopoietin antibody suppresses airway remodeling in asthma through reduction of MMP and CTGF

Pediatric Research
Sheng-Chieh LinBor-Luen Chiang

Abstract

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) mediates immune reaction in patients with asthma. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) are inflammatory mediators whose responses to the anti-TSLP antibody are unknown. This study examined the effect of an anti-TSLP antibody on MMP, CTGF, TGF-β, and airway structural changes in airway remodeling in asthma. Mice were randomly divided into phosphate-buffered-saline-challenged (PBS), ovalbumin-challenged (OVA), and ovalbumin-challenged with anti-TSLP antibody (OVA + anti-TSLP) groups. Airway responsiveness and serum ovalbumin-specific immunoglobulin E were measured. Differential cell counts and MMP-2 and MMP-9 were evaluated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Airway structural changes were quantified using morphometric analysis and presentation by immunohistochemistry staining. Lung CTGF, TGF-β, and TSLP were analyzed using western blot. Airway responsiveness was significantly lower in OVA + anti-TSLP and PBS groups than in OVA group. Airway structural changes exhibited less smooth muscle thickness in OVA + anti-TSLP and PBS groups than in OVA group. MMP-2 and MMP-9 in BALF and CTGF, TGF-β, and TSLP in lungs signifi...Continue Reading

  • References35
  • Citations1

References

  • References35
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Buffers
Recombinant Transforming Growth Factor
Study
Reaction - Vaccine NOS
CTGF
Exertion
Phosphate buffers
Immunohistochemistry
IGHE
TGFA protein, human

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