Antibiotic killing of diversely generated populations of non-replicating bacteria

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nilang ShahBruce R Levin

Abstract

Non-replicating bacteria are known to be (or at least commonly thought to be) refractory to antibiotics to which they are genetically susceptible. Here, we explore the sensitivity to killing by bactericidal antibiotics of three classes of non-replicating populations of planktonic bacteria; (1) stationary phase, when the concentration of resources and/or nutrients are too low to allow for population growth; (2) persisters, minority subpopulations of susceptible bacteria surviving exposure to bactericidal antibiotics; (3) antibiotic-static cells, bacteria exposed to antibiotics that prevent their replication but kill them slowly if at all, the so-called bacteriostatic drugs. Using experimental populations of Staphylococcus aureus Newman and Escherichia coli K12 (MG1655) and respectively 9 and 7 different bactericidal antibiotics, we estimate the rates at which these drugs kill these different types of non-replicating bacteria. Contrary to the common belief that bacteria that are non-replicating are refractory to antibiotic-mediated killing, all three types of non-replicating populations of these Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria are consistently killed by aminoglycosides and the peptide antibiotics, daptomycin and colistin...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antibiotics
Bacterial Infections
Bactericide, NOS
Colistin
Gram-Negative Bacteria
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Plankton
Staphylococcus aureus
Virus Replication
Daptomycin

Related Feeds

Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Antifungals (ASM)

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.

Aminoglycosides (ASM)

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

Antifungals

An antifungal, also known as an antimycotic medication, is a pharmaceutical fungicide or fungistatic used to treat and prevent mycosis such as athlete's foot, ringworm, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, and others. Discover the latest research on antifungals here.