DOI: 10.1101/495630Dec 13, 2018Paper

Antibiotic usage promotes the evolution of resistance against gepotidacin, a novel multi-targeting drug

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Petra SziliAkos Nyerges


Multi-targeting antibiotics, i.e. single compounds capable to inhibit two or more bacterial targets offer a promising therapeutic strategy, but information on resistance evolution against such drugs is scarce. Gepotidacin is an antibiotic candidate that selectively inhibits both bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV. In a susceptible organism, Klebsiella pneumoniae , a combination of two specific mutations in these target proteins provide an over 2000-fold increment in resistance, while individually none of these mutations affect resistance significantly. Alarmingly, gepotidacin-resistant strains are found to be as virulent as the wild-type K. pneumoniae strain in a murine model, and extensive cross-resistance was demonstrated between gepotidacin and ciprofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic widely employed in clinical practice. This suggests that numerous fluoroquinolone-resistant pathogenic isolates carry mutations which would promote the evolution of clinically significant resistance against gepotidacin in the future. We conclude that prolonged antibiotic usage could select for mutations that serve as stepping-stones towards resistance against antimicrobial compounds still under development. More generally, our researc...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Klebsiella pneumoniae
DNA Topoisomerase IV
DNA Gyrase
Virulence Factors

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