PMID: 4163357Jan 1, 1967

Antibodies involved in antigen-induced release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) in the guinea pig and rat

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
D J StechschulteK J BLOCH

Abstract

The antigen-induced release of SRS-A and histamine was studied in the guinea pig and rat using whole and fractionated antiserum preparations. Guinea pig 7Sgamma(1)-antibody sensitized sliced guinea pig lung tissue for antigen-induced release of both SRS-A and histamine; neither substance was released from lung tissue prepared with 7Sgamma(1)-antibody. Rats injected intraperitoneally with hyperimmune rabbit or rat antiserum released only SRS-A in significant amounts when challenged with antigen by the same route. A definite time interval between the injection of antiserum and challenge with antigen was required for optimal release of SRS-A. Fractionation of rat antiserum demonstrated that the immunoglobulin responsible for most of the SRS-A release from rat peritoneal tissue was a gammaG-antibody or fraction thereof. Acting in this capacity, the gammaG-antibody or its subfraction may be considered a second type of homocytotropic antibody. Fractions of rat antisera containing the first type of homocytotropic antibody, i.e. antibody mediating release of histamine and serotonin, prepared peritoneal tissues for the release of large amounts of these pharmacological agents and only small amounts of SRS-A. Two different mechanisms for ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Anaphylaxis
Antigen-Antibody Reactions
Chromatography
Gamma-Fibrinogen
Gamma globulin
Cavia porcellus
Histamine Release
Immunoelectrophoresis
Lung
Ovalbumin

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Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.