PMID: 89858Aug 1, 1979Paper

Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity to human colon-tumour cells. II. Analysis of the antigens involved

British Journal of Cancer
J Shoham, M Cohen

Abstract

The relationship between carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and A antigenic determinants on the cell surface of colon-tumour cells was studied by the ADCC assay. Antiserum prepared in 2 rabbits to an undecapeptide analogous to the amino terminal of CEA(1-11) was found by us either to participate in (Rabbit 2) or specifically inhibit (Rabbit 1) ADCC. The binding spectra of these two antisera and of antiserum to the whole CEA molecule were similar. All of them react with A and non-A colon-tumour cells as well as red blood cells of Type A (RBC-A) and their activity was completely absorbed on RBC-A but not on B or O. O-type, ADCC-reactive human sera always react with A-type colon-tumour cells and RBC-A, and some of them with non-A colon-tumour cells also. The degree of inhibition of their reactivity by anti-CEA(1-11) R1 varied between sera, from none to almost a complete inhibition, and is not related to whether the serum is of cancer or non-cancer origin. Non-reactive O-type sera contain anti-A activity demonstrable by haemagglutination and immunofluorescence. However, they cannot participate in ADCC reaction nor inhibit it. The sera, which contain lymphocyte-dependent antibody to A-type colon-tumour cells, lysed RBC-A, without the ad...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Blood Group H Type 1 Antigen
Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity
Antigenic Specificity
Tumor Antigens
Carcinoembryonic Antigen
Malignant Tumor of Colon

Related Feeds

Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity

Antibody-dependent cellular toxicity refers to the lysis of a target cell by a non-sensitized effector cell of the immune system as a result of antibodies binding to the target cell membrane and engaging the Fc receptors on the immune effector cells. Find the latest research on antibody-dependent cellular toxicity here.

Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy of the adrenal cortex, associated with a generally dismal prognosis owing to its aggressive behavior. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.