PMID: 13935673Jan 1, 1963

Antigenic relationships of Bence Jones proteins, myeloma globulins, and normal human gama-globulin

The Journal of Experimental Medicine


By means of immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis study has been made of antigenic relationships of Bence Jones proteins, and the three classes of normal and pathological immunoglobulins, 7S gamma, beta(2A), and beta(2M). All thirty-nine Bence Jones proteins studied could be classified into either one of two distinct antigenic types, A or B. Both types are related to the immunoelectrophoretically slow (S) fragment of a papain digest of normal gamma-globulin; B is related more closely than A, but neither has antigenic determinants in common with the fast (F) fragment. The 7S gamma myeloma globulins were either immunological type I or II. The papain digests of these proteins produced the S and F precipitin lines in immunoelectrophoresis but multiple bands in starch gel electrophoresis, especially in the F region. The S fraction of type I myeloma globulins is antigenically similar to Bence Jones protein of type B, and the S component of type II myeloma globulins has antigenic determinants in common with type A Bence Jones protein. Correspondingly, myeloma patients with type I globulins and proteinuria usually excrete type B Bence Jones proteins, whereas patients with type II excrete type A proteins. The F fragment is the part ...Continue Reading


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Feb 1, 1969·Blut·M Eulitz
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Apr 9, 1966·Nature·M D POULIK
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