PMID: 7939169Jan 1, 1994Paper

Antigens and antibodies in malignant melanoma

Tumour Biology : the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
O MerimskyP Fishman

Abstract

Antigens, antibodies and immune complexes seem to play a major role in the course of malignant melanoma, in detection of the disease progression, in treatment planning and monitoring. Of particular interest are cell and matrix adhesion molecules, growth factors and cytokines, proteases, gangliosides and major histocompatibility complex class I and II molecules. Antigens expressed on melanoma cells, but not on mature melanocytes, may be used as markers for the degree of the differentiation of the melanoma cells. The more the melanoma cells are dedifferentiated, the smaller is the antigenic similarity to normal melanocytes. Also, different antigens may be identified in various stages of the disease and may be used as tumor markers for disease recurrence or progression. Certain melanoma-associated antigens (MAA) such as epidermal growth factor receptor and adhesium molecules can be modulated by cytokines. Early melanoma evokes an antigen-derived T cell response, which becomes attenuated with the progression of the disease. A variety of cell adhesion molecules present on melanoma cell surfaces may play a role in regulation of cellular cytotoxicity. Free antimelanoma antibodies are usually not detectable in the sera of patients with...Continue Reading

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