Antihypertensive activity of ABBOTT-81282, a nonpeptide angiotensin II antagonist, in the renal hypertensive rat

J Y LeeJ F DeBernardis


ABBOTT-81282, 4-(N-butyl-N-[(2-'-[1H-tetrazol-5yl]biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]ami no) pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid is a novel nonpeptide angiotensin II (AII) antagonist. In vivo studies were performed to evaluate ABBOTT-81282 for its antihypertensive effect, pharmacological mechanism(s) of action, and cardiovascular safety. In the conscious renal artery-ligated (RAL) hypertensive rat, a model of high renin hypertension, ABBOTT-81282 (1-10 mg/kg p.o. and 0.1-1.0 mg/kg i.v.) lowered mean arterial pressure (MAP) in a dose-dependent manner with the ED30 values of 2.2 mg/kg for p.o. administration and 0.08 mg/kg for i.v. administration. At 10 mg/kg p.o., ABBOTT-81282 lowered blood pressure in the RAL rat (delta MAP 66 +/- 9 mm Hg from control MAP 167 +/- 7 mm Hg, n = 6) to a normotensive level (MAP, 115 +/- 5 mm Hg) for greater than 24 h and did not change heart rate. The i.v. administration of 1 mg/kg of ABBOTT-81282 also produced a sustained, long-lasting decrease (delta MAP 27-52 mm Hg) in blood pressure that was significantly different from the vehicle group at 8 h postdosing (143 +/- 3 mm Hg, n = 4 for ABBOTT-81282 vs. 181 +/- 3 mm Hg, n = 6 for vehicle group, p < 0.01). When blood pressure in the renal hypertensive rat was maximally ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Antihypertensive Agents: Mechanisms of Action

Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.