Antihypertensive activity of ABBOTT-81282, a nonpeptide angiotensin II antagonist, in the renal hypertensive rat

Pharmacology
J Y LeeJ F DeBernardis

Abstract

ABBOTT-81282, 4-(N-butyl-N-[(2-'-[1H-tetrazol-5yl]biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]ami no) pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid is a novel nonpeptide angiotensin II (AII) antagonist. In vivo studies were performed to evaluate ABBOTT-81282 for its antihypertensive effect, pharmacological mechanism(s) of action, and cardiovascular safety. In the conscious renal artery-ligated (RAL) hypertensive rat, a model of high renin hypertension, ABBOTT-81282 (1-10 mg/kg p.o. and 0.1-1.0 mg/kg i.v.) lowered mean arterial pressure (MAP) in a dose-dependent manner with the ED30 values of 2.2 mg/kg for p.o. administration and 0.08 mg/kg for i.v. administration. At 10 mg/kg p.o., ABBOTT-81282 lowered blood pressure in the RAL rat (delta MAP 66 +/- 9 mm Hg from control MAP 167 +/- 7 mm Hg, n = 6) to a normotensive level (MAP, 115 +/- 5 mm Hg) for greater than 24 h and did not change heart rate. The i.v. administration of 1 mg/kg of ABBOTT-81282 also produced a sustained, long-lasting decrease (delta MAP 27-52 mm Hg) in blood pressure that was significantly different from the vehicle group at 8 h postdosing (143 +/- 3 mm Hg, n = 4 for ABBOTT-81282 vs. 181 +/- 3 mm Hg, n = 6 for vehicle group, p < 0.01). When blood pressure in the renal hypertensive rat was maximally ...Continue Reading

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