Antimalarial agents, 2. Artesunate, an inhibitor of cytochrome oxidase activity in Plasmodium berghei
Journal of Natural Products
Y ZhaoK H Lee
The activity of the cytochrome oxidase, which is located in the plasma and the nuclear and the food-vacuole-limiting membranes as well as in the mitochondria of the trophozoites of Plasmodium berghei, was inhibited completely by sodium artesunate, an antimalarial drug, in vitro at 1 mM and in vivo at 100 mg/kg iv. This enzyme appears to be a target for the antimalarial mechanism of action of artesunate and qinghaosu.