Antimicrobial activity of trans-cinnamic acid and commonly used antibiotics against important fish pathogens and nonpathogenic isolates

Journal of Applied Microbiology
S YilmazS Ergün

Abstract

Antibiotics and several other chemicals have been used to prevent fish diseases. However, this situation results in economic loss for the companies in the aquaculture industry and most importantly it pollutes the environment. Cinnamic acid is a naturally occurring aromatic acid and is considered to be safe for human consumption. Therefore, in this study, the antibacterial activity of trans-cinnamic acid and commonly used antibiotics, namely chloramphenicol, vancomycin, streptomycin and erythromycin, were tested against 32 bacteria, including fish pathogens, nonpathogenic isolates and collection strains. Trans-cinnamic acid was applied against the bacteria using the disc diffusion and microdilution method under in vitro conditions. Antibiotics were also tested under similar conditions against all tested bacteria using the disc diffusion method. The results show that among 32 bacterial strains trans-cinnamic acid exhibited potent inhibitory effect on the Gram-negative fish pathogen Aeromonas sobria. In addition, a moderate inhibition of trans-cinnamic acid of fish pathogens Aeromonas salmonicida, Vibrio (Listonella) anguillarum, Vibrio crassostreae and Yersinia ruckeri was also observed for trans-cinnamic acid in our study. On th...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 2, 2019·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Joana F MalheiroManuel Simões
May 31, 2019·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Izabela Przybyłek, Tomasz M Karpiński
Jul 22, 2019·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Mengjie XuLanming Chen
Aug 14, 2020·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Ngonidzashe Ruwizhi, Blessing Atim Aderibigbe
Apr 22, 2021·BioMed Research International·Ty Viet PhamBich Hang Do

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