Antimicrobial prophylaxis for colorectal surgery

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Richard L NelsonMarija Barbateskovic

Abstract

Research shows that administration of prophylactic antibiotics before colorectal surgery prevents postoperative surgical wound infection. The best antibiotic choice, timing of administration and route of administration remain undetermined. To establish the effectiveness of antimicrobial prophylaxis for the prevention of surgical wound infection in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Specifically to determine:1. whether antimicrobial prophylaxis reduces the risk of surgical wound infection;2. the target spectrum of bacteria (aerobic or anaerobic bacteria, or both);3. the best timing and duration of antibiotic administration;4. the most effective route of antibiotic administration (intravenous, oral or both);5. whether any antibiotic is clearly more effective than the currently recommended gold standard specified in published guidelines;6. whether antibiotics should be given before or after surgery. For the original review published in 2009 we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (Ovid) and EMBASE (Ovid). For the update of this review we rewrote the search strategies and extended the search to cover from 1954 for MEDLINE and 1974 for EMBASE up to 7 January 2013...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Microbicides
Bacterial Infections
Taenia Coli
Rectum
Surgical Wound Infection
Controlled Clinical Trials, Randomized
Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Antibiotics
Bacteria, Anaerobic
Clinical Trials

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