PMID: 7938783Jan 1, 1994Paper

Antimicrobials in shrimp aquaculture in the United States: regulatory status and safety concerns

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
E D ParkD L Park

Abstract

The consumption of seafood, especially shrimp, increases yearly in the U.S. The U.S. is the second largest importer of shrimp in the world, consuming more than 11% of the total world production. Aquaculture is becoming an increasingly important source of the world's shrimp, currently accounting for approximately 30% of the world's supply. Unfortunately, in this era of international trade deficits, U.S. production of aquacultured shrimp is insignificant (< 0.1%) compared with world production. As shrimp aquaculture expands in the U.S., so does the use of intensive farming techniques. Shrimp aquaculture is like any other animal husbandry industry in that shrimp are subject to disease, especially under intensive farming methods. In penaeid shrimp, the primary diseases associated with mortalities are usually viral or bacterial. The majority of bacterial infections in penaeid shrimp are attributable to Vibrio species, with mortalities ranging from insignificant to 100%. However, the rapid growth of this industry has outpaced efforts by researchers, pharmaceutical companies, and federal regulatory agencies to provide approved therapeutants for shrimp disease management. Approval of drugs and their surveillance for compliance with reg...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 22, 2005·Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics·K N Woodward
Apr 25, 2006·Journal of Applied Microbiology·O L AkinbowaleM D Barton
Sep 10, 2010·Environmental Microbiology·Frédérique Le RouxMatthew K Waldor
Aug 11, 1998·Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications·M C CarsonS W Hadley

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