Antinuclear antibodies in the relatives of patients with systemic sclerosis

The British Journal of Dermatology
K TakeharaY Ishibashi

Abstract

Antinuclear antibodies were studied by indirect immunofluorescence and double immunodiffusion in 21 patients with systemic sclerosis and 35 of their relatives. When HEp-2 cells were used as the substrate, the frequency of antinuclear antibodies in the patients' sera was 100% and that in the relatives was 26%. When rat liver sections were used, the values were 86% and 17%, respectively. Anticentromere antibody was detected in the serum from the mother of one patient whose serum had anti-Scl-70 antibody. Antibody to n-RNP was positive in the sera from the brother and daughter of another patient whose serum was positive for anti-n-RNP and anti-Scl-70 antibodies. The high frequency of antinuclear antibodies in the sera from the relatives of systemic sclerosis patients suggests that immunological abnormalities play a part in the pathogenesis of this condition.

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