Oct 1, 1996

Antioxidant activity of 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one

Redox Report : Communications in Free Radical Research
Y YamamotoK Watanabe


The antioxidant activity of an anti-ischemic agent, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (MCI-186), was examined. The pKa value of MCI-186 is 7.0 and the rate of oxidation of MCI-186 initiated with an azo compound increased with increasing pH, suggesting that the anionic form of MCI-186 is much more reactive than the non-ionic form. The major products were 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-4,5-dione (4,5-dione) and 2-oxo-3-(phenylhydrazono)-butanoic acid (OPB). Hydrolysis of 4,5-dione gave OPB. The minor intermediate product was 4-hydroxy-4-(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazolin-5-on-4-yl)-3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazolin-5-one (BPOH). The nucleophilic attack of the anionic form of MCI-186 to 4,5-dione is likely to give BPOH. MCI-186 (50 μM) inhibited the aerobic oxidation at 37°C of 5.2 mM unilamellar soybean phosphatidylcholine (PC) liposomal membranes, initiated with a water-soluble initiator, as efficientlyas did ascorbate (100 μM). MCI-186 (50 μM) also inhibited the oxidation of the same PC liposomal membranes, this time initiated with a lipid-soluble initiator, almost as efficiently as did α-tocopherol (2 μM). Furthermore, the combination of MCI-186 with ascorbate or α-tocopherol showed almost complete inhibition of PC oxidation induce...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Glycine max
Pancreatic Carcinoma
MCI 186

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