Oct 27, 2010

Antiproliferative effects of some novel synthetic solanidine analogs on HL-60 human leukemia cells in vitro

Steroids
Renáta MinoricsIstván Zupkó

Abstract

There is increasing evidence of the direct antiproliferative effects of various steroidal structures, including cardenolides, steroidal alkaloids and sexual hormones. The aim of the present study was to characterize the antiproliferative effects of three synthetic solanidine analogs (1-3) on HL-60 human leukemia cells. The three compounds exerted similar cytostatic effects (IC(50) values: 1.27-2.94 μM after a 72-h exposure) and the most effective (2) was selected for further investigations. Incubation with compound 2 resulted in a marked chromatin condensation followed by a gradual increase in cell membrane permeability detected by Hoechst dye 33258-propidium iodide double staining. A flow cytometric analysis revealed a marked decrease in the G1 phase and substantial increases in the S and G2/M phases after 24-h incubation, while after 48 h the proportion of cells in the subG1 phase was increased significantly with a concomitant decrease in cells in the G1 and G2/M phases. Compound 2 at 6.0 μM significantly decreased the activity of ribonucleotide reductase and proved to be a potent antioxidant in the lipid peroxidation and DPPH assays (IC(50) values: 2.0 and 13.1 μM, respectively). The antiproliferative effect of the test comp...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

ErbB-2 Receptor
Molecular Stereochemistry
Flow Cytometry
Plant alkaloid
Necrosis
Antineoplastic Agents
Exertion
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Derivatives
Pyrrolidine

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