Mar 7, 2020

Apelin Affects the Progression of Osteoarthritis by Regulating VEGF-Dependent Angiogenesis and miR-150-5p Expression in Human Synovial Fibroblasts

Cells
Yu-Han WangChih-Hsin Tang

Abstract

Synovium-induced angiogenesis is central to osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis and thus a promising therapeutic target. The adipokine apelin (APLN) is involved in both OA pathogenesis and angiogenesis. We examined the role of APLN in synovium-induced angiogenesis by investigating the crosstalk between APLN and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in human OA synovial fibroblasts (OASFs). We found higher levels of APLN and VEGF expression in OA samples compared with normal samples. APLN-induced stimulation of VEGF expression and VEGF-dependent angiogenesis in OASFs was mitigated by FAK/Src/Akt signaling. APLN also inhibited levels of microRNA-150-5p (miR-150-5p), which represses VEGF production and angiogenesis. Analyses of an OA animal model showed that shAPLN transfection of OASFs rescued pathologic changes in OA cartilage and histology. Here, we found APLN enhances VEGF expression and angiogenesis via FAK/Src/Akt cascade and via downstream suppression of miR-150-5p expression. These findings help to clarify the pathogenesis of adipokine-induced angiogenesis in OA synovium.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fibroblast growth factor 9
Pathogenesis
MIRN150 microRNA, human
Fibroblast Activation
Apelin
Stimulation Procedure
Protein Kinase B Signaling Cascade
Synovial Membrane of Articular Capsule of Synovial Joint
Angiogenic Process
Angiogenesis Pathway

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