May 19, 2016

APOBEC3A/B-induced mutagenesis is responsible for 20% of heritable mutations in the TpCpW context

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Vladimir B SeplyarskiyGeorgii A Bazykin

Abstract

APOBEC3A/B cytidine deaminase is responsible for the majority of cancerous mutations in a large fraction of cancer samples. However, its role in heritable mutagenesis remains very poorly understood. Recent studies have demonstrated that both in yeast and in human cancerous cells, most of APOBEC3A/B-induced mutations occur on the lagging strand during replication. Here, we use data on rare human polymorphisms, interspecies divergence, and de novo mutations to study germline mutagenesis, and analyze mutations at nucleotide contexts prone to attack by APOBEC3A/B. We show that such mutations occur preferentially on the lagging strand. Moreover, we demonstrate that APOBEC3A/B-like mutations tend to produce strand-coordinated clusters, which are also biased towards the lagging strand. Finally, we show that the mutation rate is increased 3' of C->G mutations to a greater extent than 3' of C->T mutations, suggesting pervasive translesion bypass of the APOBEC3A/B-induced damage. Our study demonstrates that 20% of C->T and C->G mutations segregating as polymorphisms in human population are attributable to APOBEC3A/B activity.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Drift
Gene Polymorphism
APOBEC3A
Study
Cytidine Deaminase
Germ-Line Mutation
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
Virus Replication
Translesion Synthesis
Yeasts

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